Saddam Hussein was the President of Iraq from 1979 to his overthrow in 2003. During this time he also oversaw the Iran-Iraq war against Ruhollah Khomeini's Iran and also was supported by Ali Abdullah Saleh's Yemen in the Gulf War following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
A leading member of the revolutionary Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party, and later, the Baghdad-based Ba'ath Party and its regional organisation Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region—which espoused ba'athism, a mix of Arab nationalism and Arab socialism—Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup (later referred to as the 17 July Revolution) that brought the party to power in Iraq.
Whereas some in the Arab world lauded Saddam for his opposition to the United States and for attacking Israel—he was widely condemned for the brutality of his dictatorship. The total number of Iraqis killed by the security services of Saddam's government in various purges and genocides is unknown, but the lowest estimate is 250,000.
A fictionalized version of Saddam appears in the story Land of the Two Foes in human literature while in animal literature, an animal version of him is depicted in the fantasy story Mirage of Arabia both at the beginning where a portrait of him is being saluted by a band of weasels and Maid Marian with them and again when Aaron's rod takes Lady Blue and a vixen she saved named Maya Ali to Iraq as part of their journey through the Middle East. In the latter, he is depicted as a Rottweiler.
A fictionalized version of Saddam is depicted in the story Land of the Two Foes but while still fictional, this version does still have some parallels to the real man. For example: He still invades Kuwait and still commissions Project Babylon day by day (Kuwait was invaded in 1990 in just two days and Project Babylon was commissioned in 1988, two years prior to the events of Land of the Two Foes).
Despite the fact that Saddam appears in the story, he is not mentioned physically but is described as such:
"In 1990, the then Iraqi president Saddam Hussein held the world in both a grip of fear and outrage: After the Iran-Iraq war had ended in a stalemate, both sides had suffered catastrophic losses but Iraq was hit far greatly. "In addition, just like they did in reality, Saddam's actions are widely condemned with President Bush Sr. declaring:
"This is not the United States against Iraq! It is Iraq against the world!"While still loyal to the real life Saddam, no mention of his atrocities any earlier than 1990 are mentioned in the story. As the Surgeon and his companions explore the streets of Iraq, they see many heroic portraits and statues of Saddam that were erected during his rule indicating a personality cult.
Saddam finally appears physically to meet the Surgeon in Part 4 of Land of the Two Foes when the Surgeon orders the Mukhabarat to take him and his companions to their leader. In Part 4, he is described as such:
"The Mukhabarat were considerably more restrained this time, they took the Surgeon and his companions to the Royal Palace of Iraq to their leader: President of Iraq, Saddam Hussein. When the Surgeon and his companions entered, the former saw a dictator who looked like a cross between Adolf Hitler and Jorge Rafael Videla:
Saddam Hussein was an Arabic looking man with black hair dressed in a white shirt, black trousers, black dress shoes, a black and white striped tie and a black blazer. Above his upper lip was a thick black Arabic mustache.
In this man, the Surgeon saw a tyrant and a dictator but Ghazal and Majid saw someone who was a hero against the West and Israel. Here was a man who had enough armaments to wipe the United States off the face of the Earth.
Because of Saddam's reputation particularly among the Western world as a terrible man who killed at least 250,000 of his own people, the Surgeon takes special care in talking to him for fears that it will only take one mistake and he could be responsible for killing even more people.
The Surgeon prepares to engage in conversation with Saddam which is actually remarkably calm; but the conversation is being listened on by The Rani who has the Daleks retreat to the streets of Iraq because she has a plan:
During his conversation with the Surgeon, Majid and Ghazal, Saddam mentioned the Supergun that he commissioned "Project Babylon" and had also mentioned about an impending war involving Iraq and many other Arabian countries in particular Yemen under president Ali Abdullah Saleh which had been re-united since the fall of communism in 1989, the puppet government of Kuwait which had been governed by his cousin "Chemical Ali" also known as Ali Hassan al-Majid and ruled by Alaa Hussein Ali, Sudan ruled by Omar al-Bashir since 1989 and Jordan ruled by King Hussein just as it had been for thirty eight years, since 1952.
The war that Saddam speaks of is a reference to the Gulf War which Majid thinks will not occur until 1991 but Saddam unveils that since Iraq invaded Kuwait, the former has been at war since August.
The Rani plans to make the Daleks withdraw so they can be used to exterminate invading enemies and so the Daleks can be used to keep Iraqi soldiers in Kuwait which in turn will allow them more time to carry out their plan. The Daleks soon arrive at Saddam's palace as if they are going to exterminate him but one of the Daleks echoes a line from their appearance in Victory of the Daleks:
"I AM YOUR SOLDIER!"With these words, Saddam believes that Iraq and their allies will crush the coalition with the Daleks and so refuses to negotiate with the Surgeon any further and watches as he and his companions are led away by their captors. Saddam does not appear again after this.